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About the contributing authors

2009-2010 Edition

Musa Abu Hassan
Dr. Musa Abu Hassan is a Professor of Communication at the Department of Communication, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia. His research interests are the utilization of ICT and its impact on society, and communication in the workplace. He has presented many papers at national and international conferences, and he has written a book and contributed a number of book chapters on ICT and society.

Ilyas Ahmed
Ilyas Ahmed is the Deputy Director General of the Telecommunications Authority of Maldives (TAM). He is also the Department Head for Development, Coordination, and Technical Regulation at TAM, which he joined in 2002, soon after he completed his postgraduate degree in Operational Telecommunications at Coventry University, United Kingdom (UK) in 2001. Prior to his position at TAM, he worked for the national telecommunications company Dhiraagu, as product manager for mobile services. He was a key member of the team that introduced GSM mobile services to the Maldives.

Salman Ansari
Salman Ansari is an international consultant with over 38 years of experience in Telecommunications and Information Technology. He advises a variety of clients, including the Government of Pakistan and international organizations such as the World Bank and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), on strategies, planning, deployment, policy, and capacity- and resource building. He headed the team that shaped the Telecom De-regulation Policy of Pakistan 2000-2003, authored Pakistan’s first Electronics Policy in 2006 and the National IT Policy in 2000, and was project leader of the Pakistan Education and Research Network (PERN). Mr. Ansari has also worked in senior positions with all major telecom operators in Pakistan.

Ariunaa Lkhagvasuren
Ariunaa Lkhagvasuren is Chief Executive Officer of Information Technology Consulting (Intec Ltd. Co.,, an organization based in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. She has authored various publications on ICT development in Mongolia. Her research interests include ICT policy, ICT in education, R&D, e-government, and applications and implications of ICT. Ariunaa has a Bachelor’s degree from Irkutsk Polytechnic State University (Russia), a Master’s in Business Systems from Monash University (Australia), and a Master of Business Administration (MBA) with a specialization in International Management received jointly from the International Management Center (Hungary) and Case Western Reserve University (USA). In 2005 she received the ‘Best ICT Worker’ award from the Government of Mongolia. She is also a certified ICT Consulting Engineer.

Jon Baggaley
Dr. JonBaggaley is Professor of Educational Technology at Athabasca University (Canada) where he is also Chair and Director of Educational Technology. He has taught previously at universities in Liverpool, Newfoundland, and Montreal, Canada, and he is author/editor of 15 books/volumes, including Dynamics of Television (with Steven Duck), Psychology of the TV Image, and Evaluation of Educational Television, and over 200 articles on media research and evaluation. He was also founding editor of the Journal of Educational Media (formerly J.E.TV). Dr. Baggaley has consulted on the design of educational media campaigns for government and broadcasting organizations in Canada and the US, Brazil, the Dominican Republic, Germany, Kenya, Mexico, Norway, Russia, Ukraine, South Africa, the UK, and 20 Asian countries. From 2004 to 2008, he has been travelling in Asia advising the distance education projects of the PAN Asia Networking Distance and Open Resource Access (PANdora) Network of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC).

Tian Belawati
Dr. Tian Belawati is currently the Vice Rector for Academic Affairs of Universitas Terbuka (Indonesia Open University) and the Secretary General of the Asian Association of Open Universities (AAOU). She has been working in the field of distance education since 1985 and for the last 10 years has focused on distance learning technologies for learning support systems. She has written many papers for national and international conferences and academic journals on such themes as conceptual design of an ICT-based management system for Universitas Terbuka, a supermarket model of distance education to enhance equity for quality higher education, the utilization of fax-Internet integration technology for distance education, mediated counseling services to increase student persistence in distance education, and the use of technologies in education in the Asia and Pacific region. At present she is also the deputy coordinator of the IDRC-funded PANdora project. Dr. Belawati has a Master’s in Management of Distance Education from Simon Fraser University (Canada), and a doctorate in Adult Education from the University of British Columbia (Canada).

Axel Bruns
Dr. Axel Bruns is a Senior Lecturer in the Creative Industries Faculty at Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane, Australia. He is the author of Blogs, Wikipedia, Second Life and Beyond: From Production to Produsage (2008) and Gatewatching: Collaborative Online News Production (2005), and the editor of Uses of Blogs with Joanne Jacobs (2006). (All three books were released by Peter Lang, New York.) Axel is also General Editor of M/C – Media and Culture (, which publishes the peer-reviewed open access M/C Journal and a number of other publications. He is a Chief Investigator in the Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage research that developed Australia’s Youdecide2007 citizen journalism and edgeX collaborative content creation projects.

John Budden
John Budden is Economic and Infrastructure Adviser at the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS) based in Suva, Fiji. He chairs the ICT Working Group of the Council of Regional Organizations (CROP) agencies, with responsibility for the development and implementation of the Digital Strategy of the current Pacific Plan. At PIFS, he is responsible for regional efforts to develop and harmonize ICT developments particularly with the regulatory and policy framework issues that have been prioritized by Pacific Island Countries. John is from Australia. He is a telecommunications engineer who attended university in Sydney, Australia and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Danny Butt
Danny Butt lectures on Critical Studies at the Elam School of Fine Arts, National Institute of Creative Arts and Industries, University of Auckland (New Zealand). He has written, lectured, and consulted widely on new media, culture, and development, and is editor of the books Internet Governance: Asia Pacific Perspectives (Elsevier and UNDP-APDIP 2006) and (with Jon Bywater and Nova Paul) PLACE: Local Knowledge and New Media Practice (Cambridge Scholars Publishing 2008). He is also on the Editorial Board of the Digital Review of Asia Pacific, and is an associate member of Orbicom (The International Network of UNESCO Chairs in Communications). Danny is a Certified Management Consultant and a partner at Suma Media Consulting. He also sits on the Broadband Advisory Group and Creative Industries Advisory Group for Auckland City, New Zealand.

Kosona Chriv
Kosona Chriv is a Cambodian and French citizen. He holds a Master’s degree in Information Technology from Paris XI University, France, and has more than 20 years experience in the ICT industry in France. He returned to Cambodia in 2001 and founded a consultancy firm, Smart International Consulting, which works with the public and private sectors to help management to comply with good governance and efficiency standards, increase competitiveness in national and international trade, and develop a corporate human resource strategy. Kosona Chriv is also closely involved with projects to localize ICT applications and operating systems and his firm is currently engaged in the official localization of MS Windows Vista in Cambodia.

Abel Pires da Silva
Abel Pires da Silva is an ICT consultant to the Government of Timor-Leste. He is also the president of the East Timor ICT Association. He has been actively campaigning for the use of ICT applications to support Timor-Leste’s development process. At present, he is preparing to conduct ICT for Development (ICTD) training for government leaders in Timor-Leste with the support of the United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN APCICT). Abel has a Bachelor of Engineering degree from Universitas Diponegoro Indonesia and a Master of Information Technology from Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne, Australia.

Masoud Davarinejad
Masoud Davarinejad is a freelance consultant advising government-related industries on strategy and policy issues in telecommunications, and in the design and implementation of e-government projects in Iran. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of Shahab Co., a major electronic industry engaged in TV, audio, and video production. Until May 2005, Mr. Davarinejad served as the first head of the Telecommunication Regulatory Authority (TRA) of Iran, which he established within a year of joining the Ministry of Post, Telegraph and Telephone in 2002 as the deputy of the Minister. He spent most of his 24-year career in the Iranian government in the Planning and Budget Organization where he directed many offices, including the Telecommunications and Post sector, and was responsible for the coordination and appropriation of the national budget. He was appointed deputy to the Vice-President in 1988 and he presided over the High Council of Informatics for eight years. He also chaired the Board of Directors of major government IT companies and directed Tehran’s SITTDEC office, an initiative of the G-15 countries headquartered in Kuala Lumpur. Mr. Davarinejad has a degree in Computer Science from the Murray State University, USA.

Fortunato de la Peña
Fortunato de la Peña is the Undersecretary for Scientific and Technological Services of the Philippine Department of Science and Technology (DOST). From 2001 to 2004 he was Chairman of the e-Government Committee under the Information Technology and e-Commerce Council, which oversaw the administration of the e-government fund of the Philippine government prior to the creation of the Commission on Information and Communication Technology. He currently heads the DOST/IDRC project on Learning from Information and Communications Technology for Development (ICT4D) Research to Enhance Policymaking in the Philippines, under which he has co-edited a book entitled Philippine Experiences in ICT4D. A Professor of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research at the University of the Philippines, he has also served as the President of the National Research Council of the Philippines. In 2005, he received the highest Civil Service Award in the Philippines for his pioneering work on the Philippine e-Library Project.

Chamindra K. I. De Silva
Chamindra has 11 years of experience in the IT industry, particularly in R&D and project management in the development of software systems for North American and European markets. A recipient of the Globus Indus Technolovator Award from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Chamindra has led in the development of many award-winning contributions to Free and Open Source Software especially in the area of disaster management and humanitarian response. He is a member of the global Open Source community through forums such as the UNDP International Open Source Network (IOSN), AsiaOSS, and Open Source Initiative (OSI), and co-founder of Humanitarian-ICT, the H-FOSS Project, the W3C EIIF Incubator Group, and the IEEE Computer Society Sri Lankan Chapter. Chamindra graduated from Oxford University (UK) with a MEng in Engineering & Computer Science.

Deng Jianguo

  1. Deng Jianguo is an assistant professor of new media studies at the School of Journalism, Fudan University, China. A former journalist, he now researches computer-mediated communication, media convergence, and international communication. He has authored journal articles in these fields both in Chinese and English. He is also active in international exchanges in communication studies.

Tan Sri Dato' Gajaraj Dhanarajan
Dr. Dhanarajan is Vice-Chancellor and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the newly established Wawasan Open University in Malaysia. Prior to this, he served for nine years as President and CEO of the Commonwealth of Learning, a Vancouver-based Commonwealth agency with a mandate to promote open learning in 54 member nations. Dr. Dhanarajan helped establish the Open Learning Institute (OLI) of Hong Kong (now the Open University of Hong Kong or OUHK) and distance education systems in several countries in Africa and the Asia Pacific. He served as Secretary General of the Asian Association of Open Universities (AAOU), member of the Executive Board of the International Council for Distance Education (ICDE), and educational advisor to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. He currently chairs the Programme Advisory Committee of the Global Open Food and Agricultural University, an initiative of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), and the Academic Planning Board of Manipal University in Banglore, India. Dr. Dhanarajan holds Master of Science (MSc) degrees from the University of Madras, India and the Imperial College of the University of London, and a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Biology from the University of Aston in Birmingham, UK. For his contribution to the development of open and distance learning, he has received honorary doctorates from the University of Maryland University College, US (1992); the Open University, UK (1995); Kota Open University, India (1996); the University of Abertay Dundee, Scotland (1996); Charles Sturt University, Australia (1998); Athabasca University, Canada (1999); Allama Iqbal Open University, Pakistan (1999); the OUHK (1999); and the Open University of Sri Lanka (2000). In 1994, the Penang state government in Malaysia conferred on Dr. Dhanarajan the Order of Chivalry (which conveys the title of Dato'). Two years later, the College of Preceptors, London awarded him an Honorary Fellowship. In 1997, the AAOU presented him with its first Meritorious Service Award to the Cause of Distance Education in Asia.

Paz Hernandez Diaz
Paz Hernandez Diaz is a member of the Steering Committee of the DOST/IDRC Project Learning from Information and Communications Technology for Development (ICT4D) Research to Enhance Policymaking in the Philippines. She has co-edited two books published under the ICT4D project: Philippine Experiences in ICT4D and Information and Communication Technology in Philippine Art, Heritage, and Religion. From 2003 to 2006, Dr. Diaz was Dean of the Faculty of Management and Development Studies of the Open University of the University of the Philippines. At present, she is currently Vice President for Academics of the Roosevelt College System (Philippines), a Professorial Lecturer at the University of the Philippines College of Mass Communication, and a member of the Board of Trustees’ IT Committee of Miriam College (Philippines), where she is also a Professorial Lecturer at the Communication Arts Department. Dr. Diaz has a Bachelor of Literature in Journalism degree from the University of Santo Tomas (Philippines), and a Master of Arts (MA) in Communications Research and a PhD in Communication from the University of the Philippines.

Angelo Timoteo Diaz de Rivera
Angelo Timoteo Diaz de Rivera is the Director General of the National Computer Center (NCC) and head of the Information Services Group of the Presidential Management Staff, Office of the Philippine President. Prior to joining the Philippine government, he was the Senior Vice President of OneVirtual Corporation, an ICT firm offering Internet-enabled services. He has also been Vice President and General Manager of SKYInternet, Inc., Assistant Vice President for Strategic Marketing of Bayan Telecommunications, Marketing Manager of Unisys Philippines, and Division Manager of NCR Corporation Philippines. Mr. Diaz de Rivera has a Bachelor of Science (BS) in Industrial Engineering and an MBA from the University of the Philippines.

Anita Dighe
After retiring from the University of Delhi (India) as Director, Campus of Open Learning in September 2005, Dr. Anita Dighe joined the Himgiri Nabh Vishwavidyalaya, Dehradun (India) where she is presently the Director of the Faculty of Distance Education. Her areas of academic interest include adult and non-formal education, continuing education, extension education, and distance and open learning. She has a large number of publications to her credit. In recent years, she has focused on the use of ICT for adult literacy, particularly women’s literacy. She has done short-term consultancy work for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) on several occasions.

Donny B.U.
Donny B.U. is co-founder of and a senior researcher at the Center for ICT Studies Foundation (ICT Watch), Indonesia. He is also a lecturer on e-Business at Bina Nusantara University and on Communication Technology Development and Cyber Journalism at Pelita Harapan University. He is also the Vice President of the Detikcom Group, the biggest online media company in Indonesia, and a member of the Indonesian Infocom Society and the Indonesian Communication Scholars Post-Graduate Association. Donny earned his Bachelor’s in Computer Science at the Gunadarma University (Indonesia) and his Master’s in Communication Management from the University of Indonesia.

John Yat-Chu Fung
Dr. John Yat-Chu Fung has been practicing as a social worker since 1985. With his computer science qualification and experience, he is a forerunner in ICT application in social services, serving as Director of the Information Technology Resource Centre of the Hong Kong Council of Social Service, a unit he founded to develop the ICT capability of civil society organizations. He also founded a Digital Solidarity Fund to finance local digital inclusion initiatives in Hong Kong, as well as a popular portal for senior persons ( With support from the Hong Kong Government, he organized the e-inclusion category of the first ICT Award. A founding member of the Internet Society Hong Kong Chapter, Dr. Fung was a member of the Advisory Committee of the UN ITU Telecom World 2006 Forum. He is Honorary Research Associate to a range of digital inclusion research projects at the University of Hong Kong and he has lectured in a number of overseas and local universities about ICT and Society. His doctoral thesis was about the empowerment of senior persons through exposure to ICT.

Maria Teresa Garcia
Maria Teresa Garcia is the Public Sector Specialist of the Philippines’ Electronic Governance for Efficiency and Effectiveness (E3) Project funded by the Canadian International Development Agency and executed by BearingPoint. She served the Philippine Government for 24 years before joining BearingPoint. In December 2004 she was appointed Presidential Staff Director III of the Presidential Management Staff (PMS), Office of the President of the Philippines, and was designated as the Deputy Head of the Information Technology and E-Commerce Council Secretariat. In October 2005 she joined the Philippine Commission on Information and Communications Technology (CICT) as the Head Executive Assistant to the Chairman and Chief of Staff. Ms. Garcia completed a Master in Public Management from the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, and a Diploma in Urban and Regional Planning from the University of the Philippines.

Goh Seow Hiong
Goh Seow Hiong is Executive Director, Global Policy and Government Affairs, Asia Pacific, at Cisco Systems, where he plays an advisory role to government officials and regulators across Asia Pacific on a range of ICT-related policy issues. He was formerly the Director of Software Policy for Asia at the Business Software Alliance (BSA), responsible for representing the views of BSA member companies before governments and the marketplace in the region. Prior to joining BSA, he was in legal practice at the Singapore law firm of Rajah & Tann, advising local and foreign clients on technological issues. Before joining private legal practice, Goh served in the Singapore public service for 10 years — as Deputy Director of Infocomm Development Policy of the Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore (IDA), Special Assistant to the Chief Executive Officer of IDA, and Deputy Director for Infocomm Security. Goh helped draft the Singapore Electronic Transactions Act, its Regulations and Security Guidelines, the Evidence (Computer Output) Regulations, and the Amendments to the Computer Misuse Act. He continues to be actively involved in various inter-Ministry working committees on legal and policy matters relating to ICT and e-commerce.

Lelia Green
Dr. Lelia Green is Professor of Communications and Associate Dean, Research and Higher Degrees, of the Faculty of Education and Arts at Edith Cowan University in Perth, Western Australia. Lelia is also the author of Technoculture (2002). She is now working on a book for the Berg New Media series provisionally entitled The Internet: An Introduction to New Media and due for publication in 2009/10. Lelia is also Chief Investigator in the Australian Research Council (ARC)-funded research on the Internet in Australian family life, and an online community for recovering heart patients, HeartNET ( She is also a Chief Investigator in the ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation. Her research interests include the social, cultural, and health dimensions of ICTs.

Hameed A. Hakeem
Mr. Hameed A. Hakeem is Education Adviser and Coordinator of the Asia and Pacific Programme for Education for All (APPEAL) of the UNESCO Asia and the Pacific Regional Bureau for Education in Bangkok, Thailand (UNESCO Bangkok). An important part of APPEAL’s work is the promotion of literacy, primary and non-formal education within the framework of lifelong learning. Prior to taking up his appointment at UNESCO Bangkok in January 2000, Mr. Hakeem was Deputy Minister of Education in the Maldives for over eight years. He also served as Secretary-General of the Maldives National Commission for UNESCO. His previous posts include being Director of the Institute for Teacher Education and Director of Educational Planning at the Ministry of Education of the Maldives. Mr. Hakeem began his career as a teacher of a leading school in the Maldives where he later served as Principal. He completed his Bachelor of Education and Master of Education degrees at the University of Western Australia.

Greg Hearn
Greg Hearn is Research Professor at the Centre for Creative Industries and Innovation of the Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane, Australia. His work focuses on mapping and policy development for ICTs and the Creative Industries. He has been involved in high-level consulting and applied research examining ICTs for more than two decades, with organizations including British Airways, Hewlett Packard, and many Australian national and state government agencies. He was also a consultant to the Broadband Services Expert Group, the national policy group that formulated Australia’s foundational framework for the Internet in 1994. Greg Hearn has authored and co-authored over 20 major research reports and six books, including The Communication Superhighway: Social and Economic Change in the Digital Age (1998) and Knowledge Policy: Challenges for the 21st Century (2008).

Jong Sung Hwang
Jong Sung Hwang is the Executive Vice President of the Republic of Korea’s National Information Society Agency (NIA), where he heads the IT Policy Division. Since he joined the NIA in 1995, he has played a leading role in developing Korea’s national IT strategies, including the Informatization Promotion Basic Plan in 1996, Cyber Korea 21 in 1999, and the u-Korea Master Plan in 2006. Since 2005, he has been in charge of promoting ubiquitous technology and services, including RFID, the Ubiquitous Sensor Network (USN), and u-City. As head of the Korea USN Center in 2005 and 2006, he coordinated RFID/USN projects in the public sector. He was also acting chairman of the steering committee of the u-Korea Forum. Dr. Hwang earned his PhD in Political Science from Yonsei University, Korea in 1994.

Malika Ibrahim
Malika Ibrahim heads the Corporate Development Division of the Telecommunications Authority of Maldives. She also lectures part-time and is a member of the Advisory Council of the Faculty of Management and Computing of the Maldives College of Higher Education. After completing her postgraduate studies in Information Systems Management at the London South Bank University in 2001, she worked mainly on ICT development initiatives in the Maldives in collaboration with UNDP. Her area of interest is ICT policy and community-based ICT initiatives. Malika was an active participant in the formulation of the e-Government Project and draft National ICT Policy of the Maldives. In 2003 she received the National Award for Special Achievement from the President of the Maldives.

Seungkwon Jang
Seungkwon Jang, PhD (Lancaster University Management School, UK), is Associate Professor at the Department of Logistics and Information Systems at Sungkonghoe University, Seoul, Korea. His interests are organization theory and ICTs. His current research is concerned with the application of complexity science to organizational and technological innovations such as open source software.

Arthur Jorari
Arthur Jorari joined the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) in 2001 as its Population Specialist responsible for population census analysis. He has been assisting Pacific countries to integrate population, gender, and development issues into national and sectoral policies, programs, and strategies in collaboration with the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA). A Papua New Guinea national, Arthur served as the Deputy National Statistician (Statistical Services) at the Papua New Guinea National Statistical Office. He has worked in the field of official statistics for over 20 years, providing advice and assistance in planning, collecting, processing, analysis, and presentation of data from population censuses and surveys, and integrating the results into the policy development and development planning process in Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Kiribati, Federated States of Micronesia, Republic of Marshall Islands, American Samoa, and Wallis and Futuna. He holds an MA in Demography from the Australian National University.

Kuenga Jurmi
Kuenga Jurmi is Head and Senior Lecturer at the Department of ICT, Royal Institute of Management (RIM), Bhutan. He has 12 years experience in directing and developing ICT programs and ICT training, and he was a member of the Task Force for the formulation of the Bhutan ICT Policy and Strategy. Jurmi has a Master’s degree in Information Technology from the University of Canberra (Australia), a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Economics (Honors) from Delhi University (India), and a diploma in Information Management Systems from RIM. In 2007 he received the ‘Outstanding Individual’ award from Cisco Systems Asia Pacific for his contributions to the Cisco Networking Academy in Bhutan.

Keisuke Kamimura
Keisuke Kamimura is a senior research fellow and assistant executive director of the Center for Global Communications (GLOCOM), International University of Japan. His research interest is the interaction of ICT, user behaviour, business, and regulation. His previous research includes analyses of telecommunications and broadband regulation, radio spectrum allocation, copyright enhancements for open content, information security, and personal information protection. More recently he has been engaged in research on the digital divide on the Internet from a socio-linguistic perspective (i.e. language policy and planning). Keisuke has an MA from Osaka University and is a PhD candidate at Keio University. He is also a senior visiting scientist at Japan’s Center of International Cooperation for Computerization.

Robyn Kamira
Robyn Kamira’s involvement over many years in Information Technology in New Zealand includes applying the technical to the strategic, research and evaluation, and analyzing social and political impacts. She has been a practitioner, an academic, a business person, and an advisor. In 2005, she was appointed by the Minister for Information Technology of New Zealand to the recently disestablished Digital Strategy Advisory Group, where she gained a national overview of projects, issues, and solutions in the government, private, and community sectors. Her research interests include the impact of information technology from the 1960s through to the current day, and she has done IT-related analyses spanning the environment, health, education, law, science, business, communities, and indigenous peoples.

Syed S. Kazi
Syed S. Kazi is a researcher at the Centre for the Study of Law & Governance, Jawaharlal Nehru University (India). He also works with the Delhi-based Digital Empowerment Foundation as a consultant. His major research interests are ICT programs for education, governance, and sustainable development, and he has published various articles on these topics. Syed has a Master's degree in Political Studies & Local Self-Government from Jawaharlal Nehru University and a BA in Economics (Honors) from Henry Cotton College, Gauhati University, Assam, India.

Kyungmin Ko
Kyungmin Ko is a Research Professor of Brain Korea 21 at the Department of Political Science and Diplomacy of the Cheju National University in Jeju, Korea. He has authored books and research papers on the political process, Internet and democracy, and ICT and development in North Korea. His main research interests are the political economy of Internet use in non-democratic states and Internet politics in Asian (developmental) states. Dr. Ko received his PhD from Konkuk University, Korea.

Thaweesak Koanantakool

Dr. Thaweesak “Hugh” Koanantakool is a vice-president at the National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) of Thailand. After teaching for 10 years (since 1983) at the Thammasat University (Thailand), he was appointed Deputy Director of the National Electronics and Computer Technology Centre (NECTEC) and tasked to lead NECTEC’s Network/Software Technology laboratories in pioneering the Internet in Thailand through the development of ThaiSarn, the largest academic and research network in the country. In 1995, Dr. Koanantakool co-founded Thailand’s first Internet service provider, Internet Thailand Company Ltd. A year later, he started the SchoolNet Thailand Program and the Information Superhighway test bed project at NECTEC. Dr. Koanantakool served as the Director of NECTEC and as the Executive Secretary of the IT planning body, the National Information Technology Committee (NITC), from 1998 until 2004. He earned his BS and PhD in Electrical Engineering at the Imperial College of Science and Technology, University of London.

Emmanuel C. Lallana
Emmanuel C. Lallana, PhD, is Chief Executive of ideacorp, an independent, non-profit organization in the Philippines. He leads a number of ICTD training and research projects in the Philippines and across the Asia Pacific region. From 2004 to 2007, Dr. Lallana served as a Commissioner at the Philippine Commission on Information and Communications Technology, the primary ICT policy, planning, coordinating, implementing, regulatory, and administrative entity of the executive branch of the Philippine government.

Luiz Gonzaga Lau
Luiz Gonzaga Lau is a management consultant for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and corporations in Macau. He is also the President of the Association of Youth for Information & Communication Technology of Macau. Mr. Lau has worked in telecommunications and the IT industry for over 25 years. He received his MBA and MSc in Education in 1997 and 2004, respectively.

Heejin Lee
Heejin Lee is Associate Professor at the Graduate School of International Studies (GSIS), Yonsei University, Korea. Before joining GSIS, he worked for Brunel University, UK and the University of Melbourne, Australia. He obtained his PhD at the London School of Economics. His research interests include IT/IS (information systems) in developing countries, ICT standards, and electronic commerce. Dr. Lee worked on an international research project on the digital divide in Malaysian rural communities with Monash University Malaysia, and he has been involved in several official development assistance (ODA) projects with special focus on ICT and development.

Molly Lee
Dr. Molly N.N. Lee is the Coordinator of the Asia-Pacific Programme of Educational Innovation for Development (APEID) and Programme Specialist in Higher Education at UNESCO Bangkok. As APEID Coordinator, she runs programs on higher education, technical and vocational education, education for sustainable development, and ICT in education. Prior to joining UNESCO Bangkok, she was a Professor of Education at Universiti Sains Malaysia, with research interests in higher education, teacher education, globalization and education, and gender and education. Dr. Lee has a PhD in International Development Education, a Master's in Sociology from Stanford University, and a Master's in Education Planning and Development from the Institute of Education, University of London.

Lim Hock Chuan
Lim Hock Chuan has more than 10 years of professional IT experience in the public, inter-government (ASEAN), and private sectors. Currently he is with The University of New South Wales Australian Defense Force Academy (UNSW@ADFA) at Canberra, Australia pursuing PhD training as a knowledge researcher and specialist in Computer Science. His research interests are in the areas of normative Multi-Agent Systems (MAS), Trust, Machine Ethics, Socionics, and Community Informatics (CI).

Yu-li Liu
Dr. Yu-li Liu is a professor at the Department of Radio and TV at National Chengchi University in Taiwan. From February 2006 to February 2008, she served as one of the Commissioners of Taiwan’s National Communications Commission (NCC). She has published several books, including Multi-channel TV and Audience, Cable TV Management and Programming Strategy, Cable TV Programming and Policy in China, Radio and TV, and Telecommunications. Dr. Liu earned her PhD in Telecommunications at Indiana University, US in 1992. She was a Fulbright visiting scholar of the Graduate Telecommunications Program of George Washington University (US) in August 2002-February 2003.

Harsha Liyanage
Harsha Liyanage is the Managing Director of Sarvodaya-Fusion (, which he conceptualized based on pioneering telecentre work in Sri Lanka. He was a Visiting Research Fellow to IDRC, Canada in 2007–2008, and the South Asia Regional Coordinator for the Global Knowledge Partnership (GKP) from 2006 to 2008. His long involvement with the grassroots sector as Sarvodaya’s Deputy Executive Director (Social Empowerment – 1994-2004) and honorary Vice President (2002-2004) led him to become a consultant for various international development organizations, including IDRC, the United Nations, and the World Bank. His areas of interest include Environment and Poverty, in addition to ICTD. Harsha holds a PhD in Biotechnology from the University of Tokyo, Japan.

Luis Chi Meng Loi
Luis Chi Meng Loi is the Director General of the Association of Youth for Information & Communication Technology of Macau. A software engineer specializing in applications and systems development for multinational enterprises, he received his BS in Computer Science from The State University of New York at Buffalo (US) in 2006.

Naveed A. Malik
Dr. Naveed A. Malik is Rector of the Virtual University of Pakistan, which he helped establish. He has a Master’s degree in Physics from the University of the Punjab (Pakistan) and a Doctor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science specializing in Digital Signal Processing from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). As member of staff at the University of the Punjab, Pakistan’s largest and oldest university, Dr. Malik established the Spark Source Mass Spectroscopy Laboratory at the Centre for Solid State Physics and later became the founding chairman of the Department of Computer Science. A life member of the Pakistan Institute of Physics, he has lectured extensively, has been an active systems and software developer, and has published several papers on various technical subjects. Dr. Malik is also the coordinator of the IDRC-funded PANdora project.

Osama Manzar
Osama Manzar is the founder and director of the Delhi-based Digital Empowerment Foundation, chairman of The Manthan Award - Best e-Content for Development in South Asia, Grand Jury and Board Member of the World Summit Award, Austria, and anchor of the Dataquest e-Gov Champions Award in India. He has authored several books, including e-Content: Voices from the Ground profiling 52 countries. Osama’s passion is making the knowledge and wisdom of the grassroots community move bottom up through digital media and ICT tools.

Aimal Marjan
Aimal Marjan is the Director General of the ICT Directorate of the Ministry of Communications and IT (MCIT) of Afghanistan. Prior to this he was National ICT Advisor to the MCIT, advising the Minister in areas such as ICT policy and strategies, ISP licensing and regulations, Internet exchanges, cctlds, e-government, and general capacity-building issues. Before joining the MCIT, he served as IT Advisor to the Director of the Afghan Assistance Coordination Authority. He was also the project manager of the Global Development Learning Network (GDLN), a World Bank project that provided eight government offices in Afghanistan with Internet and intranet facilities in 2001. Mr. Marjan is the President of the Afghan Computer Science Association, which he founded in 1999. He has served as Technical and Academic Advisor to the Computer Science Department of the Islamic University for Science and Technology (Afghanistan), a department that he helped establish, and was a visiting faculty member of the Economics Department of the International Islamic University in Islamabad (Pakistan) and the Computer Science Department of Kabul University (Afghanistan).

Fengchun Miao
Dr. Fengchun Miao is the chief of the ICT in Education Unit of UNESCO Bangkok. He has helped various countries with diagnostic study and strategic advice, policymaking and standard development, teacher training in ICT-pedagogy integration, and online facilitation for professional development related to the use of ICTs in teaching. Before joining UNESCO Bangkok, he chaired the National Research Centre for Computer Education, Ministry of Education, China. In that capacity, he was responsible for the development of ICT in education policy and ICT standards, and he spearheaded the formulation of the National Guidelines for Curriculum Reform for China’s K-12 Schools, ICT Curriculum Standards for Students (K-12), and Educational Technology Standard for Teachers. He also wrote five ICT textbooks for students.

Rapin Mudiardjo
Rapin Mudiardjo is a senior researcher at ICT Watch, which he co-founded in 2001, and founder of the Indonesian law firm Karim Mudiardjo & Partners Law Office. He is a practicing advocate and solicitor specializing in intellectual property, information technology, media, and commercial litigation. He is also the Campaign and Public Service Manager of the Indonesia Security Incident Response Team on Internet Infrastructure (ID-SIRTII). Rapin received his Bachelor of Laws from the University of Indonesia where he was also former chairman of the ASEAN Law Student Association (ALSA) and where he established the Research Institute of Law and Technology. He also has a Bachelor’s degree in Systems Information major in Cyber Crime ICT Law and Policy from the STIMIK Perbanas, Indonesia.

Mahendhiran Nair
Mahendhiran Nair is Professor and Deputy Head of School (Research) at the School of Business, Monash University Sunway Campus, Malaysia. He currently heads a research team at Monash University that is studying the impact of ICT and innovation on the competitiveness and sustainable development of nations, industries, and corporations. Over the last five years, Professor Nair has published more than 50 research papers, some of them in international journals such as the Journal of Intellectual Capital, Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Empirical Economics, Research in International Business and Finance, and International Journal of Management.

Wai-Kong Ng
Dr. Wai-Kong Ng is currently a Professor of Educational Technology at the Wawasan Open University in Penang, Malaysia. He is also a consultant to UNESCO Bangkok and other agencies in ICT integration in education. Prior to joining Wawasan Open University, he was Professor and Director of the Centre for Instructional Technology and Multimedia at Universiti Sains Malaysia for 26 years. He coordinated the full-time Master of Education program and supervised over 80 candidates at Doctoral and Master’s level.

Nguyen Thi Thu Huong
Mrs. Nguyen Thi Thu Huong is Head of the International Cooperation Department of the Agency for IT and E-commerce under Vietnam’s Ministry of Industry and Trade. She has been involved in a number of international projects on e-commerce development and policies in Vietnam and the rest of Southeast Asia.

Siti Zobidah Omar
Siti Zobidah Omar is Head of the Department of Communication, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia. She teaches undergraduate and graduate courses on Media, Technology and Society, Issues in Communication Technology, and Cyber Communication, and she conducts research in communication technology and culture. She earned her first degree in Mass Communication (Journalism) from the University Teknologi Mara (UiTM), Malaysia; her MA in Communication Technology and Policy from Macquarie University, Australia; and her PhD in Communication Technology and Culture from The University of Birmingham, UK.

Thein Oo
Thein Oo is the President of the Myanmar Computer Federation (MCF) and Chairman of the Myanmar Info-Tech Corporation Ltd., which builds ICT parks and is the key facilitator for ICT industry development in Myanmar. He is also the Secretary of the Myanmar Natural Language Implementation Committee, Chairman of the Working Group for Natural Language Processing Standards and Applications, and Chairman of ACE Data Systems Ltd., the leading software house in Myanmar. He is also a member of the Electronic Transaction Law Implementation Central Committee, Myanmar National Digital Broadcasting Committee, and the Board of Study of Yangon University and Yangon Institute of Economics, where he is a part-time lecturer of MBA and Master of Public Administration courses. In 2005-2007, Mr. Oo served as the Chairman of the ASEAN Working Group for Universal Access, Digital Divide, and e-Government.

Sorasak Pan
Sorasak Pan is Secretary of State of the Ministry of Commerce of the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC). He is responsible for International Cooperation for Trade, Cambodia’s obligations to the World Trade Organization, and the implementation of the Trade Sector Wide Approach (Trade SWAp) policy. He is also the national focal person for the Enhanced Integrated Framework and Aid for Trade and vice chairman of the national committee for the development triangle that includes Lao PDR and Vietnam. His ICT responsibilities include the standardization of Khmer script in computers (Khmer script Unicode development) and the ongoing localization of popular software. He is also one of two members of the Board of the National Information and Communication Technology for Development Authority chaired by the Prime Minister of Cambodia. Before joining the public sector, Sorasak Pan was Group Vice President of Unocal, an American multinational petroleum exploration company. He is a member of the Institute for Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) and American Computing Machinery (ACM), and a member of the Board of the American Cambodian Business Council (AMCAM) and the International School of Phnom Penh (ISPP). In 2007, he was asked to join the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network (ARTNeT) as review board member. Sorasak Pan speaks Khmer, English, French, Bahasa Indonesia, and Bahasa Malaysia.

Sushil Pandey
Sushil Pandey is the ICT specialist at the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) headquartered in Nepal. He leads the ICT team providing technology direction to others within the organization and to ICIMOD’s partner organizations. Sushil has a number of years of experience in ICT technologies and has been following ICT developments in the region. He has a Master’s degree in Computer Science from the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) in Bangkok, Thailand. He worked as systems analyst at the Regional Computer Centre of AIT prior to joining ICIMOD.

Sang-Hyun Park
Sang-Hyun Park is currently working at the National Information Society Agency (NIA), Korea, as a senior researcher. He has also been a senior researcher at the Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI) and Korea Information Society Development Institute (KISDI). His research interests include ICT policy, e-government, u-business, and green IT. His articles have been published in various journals, including Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Industrial Management & Data Systems, Electronic Government: An International Journal, International Journal of Industrial Engineering, and Service Business: An International Journal. Dr. Park received his PhD in Management Information Systems from Chungbuk National University, Korea in 2004. As a visiting scholar at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, he researched strategies for u-business and digital convergence.

Adam Peake
Adam Peake is an executive research fellow at the Center for Global Communications (GLOCOM), International University of Japan. His interests lie in the intersection of public policy and the Internet, and in promoting ICT in society. He participated in the G8 DOT Force in which GLOCOM was the Japanese NGO representative, and he co-led GLOCOM’s work on the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), including GLOCOM’s role as facilitator of NGO/civil society participation in the Asia and Pacific Regional WSIS Conference in January 2003 and the WSIS thematic meeting Tokyo Ubiquitous Network Conference ( in May 2005. He is also a coordinator of the WSIS Civil Society Internet Governance Caucus ( and a member of the Public Interest Registry Advisory Council ( Before moving to Japan in 1989, Adam was employed at British Telecom as a project manager working on the interconnection of other licensed operators (cellular radio, radio paging, and competitive telephony carriers).

Phonpasit Phissamay
Phonpasit Phissamay is Director General of the Information Technology Research Institute, National Authority for Science and Technology, Lao PDR. An engineer-economist specializing in management information systems, he has been with the Lao Science, Technology and Environment Agency since 1995. He was the manager of the PAN-Laos project, which launched the first e-mail service in the country. In 2000, he was appointed director of the Information Technology Centre, which is responsible for ICT R&D, training, and services. Phonpasit also serves as the director of the National Internet Service Centre of the Lao National Internet Committee, which operates the National Internet Exchange Point and the ISP serving all government agencies; national project director of the Lao Localization Project; and leader of the Natural Language Processing Group conducting research into improving information processing in the Lao language.

Hitendra Pillay
Hitendra Pillay is a Research Professor at the Centre for Learning Innovation of the Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane, Australia. He has been a chief investigator in several Australian Research Council projects in ICT-related areas and a consultant to the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Australian Agency of International Development (AusAID), and World Bank. He was the team leader for the successful ADB-funded Samoa schoolnet and community access project that is now being scaled up to connect all secondary schools in Samoa. Hitendra has a PhD in Cognition and Learning, an MSc in Industrial Engineering, an MA in Education Management, and a Bachelor’s in Education.

Kishor Pradhan
Kishor Pradhan is the Deputy Regional Director and Country Representative for Nepal in Panos South Asia (PSA), and head of the ICTD programs of PSA. He has conceptualized and implemented several flagship ICTD projects for PSA, such as the Media Centre (, which works on ICTD capacity-building for media in South Asia; Panos Radio South Asia (; and local content and knowledge management projects. Kishor has been editing and publishing reports and papers on ICTD for more than a decade. He has a Master’s degree in Development Anthropology from Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal, and a diploma in Mass Communications from the National Institute of Labour Training, Chennai, India.

Ananya Raihan
Ananya Raihan is the Executive Director of D.Net, a premier development research institution in Bangladesh. He is also a member of the National ICT Task Force under the Prime Minister’s Office (currently the Chief Adviser’s Office), Secretary General of the Bangladesh Telecentre Network, and a member of the core group for negotiations on trade in services under the Ministry of Commerce. Before joining D.Net, he served as a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD), a civil society think tank in Bangladesh, as Associate Professor at the Bangladesh Institute of Bank Management (BIBM), and as a consultant at the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS). Dr. Raihan has done work for a number of international and regional organizations, including the Centre for Trade and Development, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Institute of Policy Studies (Sri Lanka), GTZ, Oxfam, SAARC, the UN Conference on Trade and Development, the World Bank, and the World Trade Organization International Trade Centre. In 2004, he was awarded the Ashoka Fellowship for his contributions to the rural community as a social innovator in ICT. Dr. Raihan completed an MSc in Economics (specialization: Economic Cybernetics) and a PhD in Economics at the V.M. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics, National Academy of Science, Ukraine.

Massood Saffari
Massood Saffari is a senior consultant currently heading a venture capital initiative for the Electronics Support Fund for Research & Development (ESFRD) of Iran. He was the secretary of the High Council of Informatics where for five years he played a key role in policymaking, drafting regulations in ICT, and publishing ICT statistics and indices in Iran. He was also a member of the ESFRD Electronics Council, Injazat Technology Fund, the planning committee for Iran’s 4th National Development Plan, and the Communication Regulatory Commission. Mr. Saffari has headed many large ICT projects such as Iran's first and second high-speed Internet links, the Iran Laws & Regulations website, pre-paid GSM mobile, the Tehran Software & IT Park, bank data communications, and Tebyan IDC. He holds a BS in Electronic Engineering from Tehran University, Iran and an MSc degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.

Shahida Saleem
Shahida Saleem is a social entrepreneur with over 20 years of international management experience. Her primary area of expertise is social development using emerging technologies, with a special focus on key nation-building areas, including education, health, commerce development, and women’s empowerment. She has contributed to policy and planning documents for Pakistan in diverse areas such as the Education Policy, The National Vocational and Technical Education Plan, The Trade Policy, and the Trade Ordinance 2007. Dr. Saleem (BS, MD, PMP) is Chair of the Board of Directors of d.o.t.z. Technologies ( and the Board of Directors of Catco Kids (, Pakistan.

Uyanga Sambuu
Uyanga Sambuu is an Associate Professor at the Department of Information Systems, National University of Mongolia. She is also editor-in-chief of My Computer Information Technology Magazine, and is a project coordinator and consultant of several key IT projects. Dr. Sambuu has published several books and over 40 book chapters, refereed articles, and conference papers. Her research interests are the role of ICT in education, ICT policy and strategic planning, and development. Dr. Sambuu did her postdoctoral research at the International Institute for Software Engineering, United Nations University, Japan and Korea University. She has a Bachelor and Master’s degree in Computer Science from the Novosibirsk State Technical University, Russia and a PhD in Information Technology from the National University of Mongolia.

Partha Sarker
Partha Sarker co-founded Bytesforall (, a citizen's network that organizes research and advocacy efforts on issues related to ICT and development in South Asia. Prior to joining the program at IDRC in Ottawa, Partha provided consultancy services to the Association for Progressive Communications, UNESCO, GKP, One World South Asia, and others, and he supported many South Asian organizations in their research and advocacy efforts. A keen observer of ICTD trends in the region, Partha has contributed research articles and analytical reports to Asia Pacific Internet Handbook, Global Information Society Watch, Government Technology International magazine, Southern Review, and GKP and UNESCO publications, among others.

Sheldon Shaeffer
Sheldon Shaeffer is currently Director of UNESCO's Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education (UNESCO Bangkok). A citizen of Canada, he was educated in history (BA), anthropology (MA), and comparative international education (PhD) at Stanford University. He has taught, done research, and worked in development programs in Southeast Asia for over 15 years — as a high school teacher in Malaysia, an anthropologist and an education program officer for the Ford Foundation in Indonesia, and the regional education advisor for the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in Bangkok. Dr. Shaeffer was also the Director of IDRC’s Education and Population Programmes for 10 years and later was a senior research fellow at the International Institute for Educational Planning (in UNESCO) in Paris. Before joining UNESCO Bangkok in 2001, he was chief of UNICEF's Global Education Programme in New York.

Tengku Mohd Azzman Shariffadeen
Tengku Mohd Azzman Shariffadeen is Vice President of Orbicom (The International Network of UNESCO Chairs in Communications). For 21 years he was the head of MIMOS (Malaysian Institute of Microelectronic Systems), the national ICT R&D agency in his home country, Malaysia. In this capacity he oversaw national efforts in indigenous and endogenous technology development. He helped to steer Malaysia’s national ICT policy and strategy formulation activities, and was involved in setting up new ventures that introduced innovations arising from technology developed domestically as well as globally. His current interests cover strategic management and policy development, particularly for the effective application of knowledge and ICT for innovation.

Basanta Shrestha
Basanta Shrestha currently heads the Mountain Environment and Natural Resources Information Systems program at ICIMOD. He has extensive experience in IT and he has published many reports and articles (see on various aspects of ICT, knowledge management, and their applications for development. Moreover, his contribution to establishing geographic information systems in the greater Himalayan region is considered to be pioneering and outstanding. Basanta has a Master’s degree in Computer Science from AIT in Bangkok, Thailand and a Bachelor’s degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from Madras University, India.

Abhishek Singh
Abhishek Singh is an Associate at the Singapore-based Rajah and Tann's iTec Practice Group (intellectual property, technology, entertainment and communications). His present practice with the iTec Group at Rajah & Tann focuses on telecommunications and technology law matters, with an emphasis on advising on regulatory and competition issues in mergers and acquisitions (M&As) and large multi-year outsourcing projects in the telecommunications sector. Abhishek earned a Bachelor of Economics/Bachelor of Laws (Hons) from the University of Sydney, Australia in 2004.

Rajesh Sreenivasan
Rajesh Sreenivasan is a Partner at Rajah and Tann's iTec Practice Group. He has been advising state governments, multinational corporations, government-linked companies, and statutory boards on matters relating to telecommunications, electronic commerce, IT contracts, digital forensics, and digital media for over 10 years. He has facilitated a pan-ASEAN forum on legislative and regulatory reforms; assisted the telecoms regulator in formulating Brunei's telecoms licensing regime; reviewed IT legislation in Mongolia for the World Bank; led an e-commerce legislative benchmarking exercise involving over 20 East Asian and Pacific nations; and assisted in eASEAN advisory matters. He has helped the Ministry overseeing ICT in the Kingdom of Lesotho, Africa to draft its ICT legislation, and he has advised state authorities in Fiji and Canada on regulatory compliance and statutory interpretation matters, as well as leading organizations in Malaysia and Indonesia in drafting and negotiating complex IT procurement contracts and outsourcing arrangements. Rajesh has also written articles and book chapters highlighting the interplay between IT and the law. He is listed in the Guide to the World's Leading Technology, Media and Telecoms Lawyers 2002 Edition. He is also listed as a leading lawyer in telecoms by Global Counsel and the International Who's Who of Telecommunications Lawyers, and as a leading practitioner in IT, telecoms, and biotechnology law in The Legal Who's Who Singapore 2003.

Samuelu Taufao
Samuelu Taufao is the ICT Manager for the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). From 2001 to early 2008 he was the IT Manager for the Secretariat of the Pacific Community, working closely with PIFS in the implementation of the Pacific Plan’s Digital Strategy. Samuelu has worked for more than 20 years in the ICT sector in the Pacific, with special interest in the needs of people in remote and rural Pacific communities. He coordinated the Rural Internet Connectivity (RICS) and One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) projects in the Pacific region, and he continues to provide technical advice at country-level. In 1999 he founded the Pacific Islands Chapter of the Internet Society (PICISOC), which is now one of the largest and most active chapters of the global Internet Society. Samuelu was born in Samoa. He has a BS in Mathematics from the University of the South Pacific, Fiji, and a Graduate Diploma in Applied Computing and an MBA (Information Systems) from the Central Queensland University, Australia.

Myint Myint Than
Dr. Myint Myint Than has been Director of the Myanmar Computer Federation (MCF) since 2003. She is also a member of the Myanmar Natural Language Implementation Committee and Security of the Working Group of the Myanmar Natural Language Processing Standard and Applications. Dr. Than has an MSc degree in Mathematics, a Post-Graduate Diploma in Computer Science, and a PhD in Engineering Mathematics.

Chadamas Thuvasethakul

Dr. Chadamas Thuvasethakul is the Deputy Executive Director of NECTEC, Thailand. She looks after the Strategy Research and Industry Indicator Unit of NECTEC and the Secretariat Office of the Electronic Transaction Commission. Both units are responsible for conducting policy and strategy research in ICT and e-business development and promotion, including economic and social benefits of ICTs, the digital divide, industry benchmarking and measurement, R&D strategy, and ICT legal research. Dr. Thuvasethakul also serves as assistant secretary to the Electronic Transaction Commission of Thailand, and secretary of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn's IT Project, which emphasizes the application of IT to enhance the quality of life of the underprivileged, such as rural school children, persons with disabilities, and prison inmates. Dr. Thuvasethakul received her PhD in Health Policy and Administration from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.

Tran Ngoc Ca
Dr. Tran Ngoc Ca is the Director of the Secretariat of the National Council for Science and Technology Policy (NCSTP) and the Deputy Director of the National Institute for Science and Technology Policy and Strategy Studies (NISTPASS) of the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Vietnam. He also serves as Associate Research Fellow of the Japanese-European Technology Studies (JETS) Institute at Edinburgh University. Dr. Tran has been a consultant to the Scottish Enterprise Energy group and various projects funded by the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA), Department for Research Coordination of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), UNDP, and UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). He has also been a management consultant for Larive International (Holland); research manager for various consulting firms in Vietnam; Director of the Economics Division, Institute for Science Management, former State Commission for Science (now MOST); and a research fellow at the Institute for Science Management and the Research Unit for Science and Technology Policy, State Commission for Science. Dr. Tran has a PhD in Economics from Edinburgh University, UK, and an MSc in Science and Technology Policy from Lund University, Sweden. He has also studied at the Moscow Mining Institute and the Institute of Petro- and Petrochemical Industries, Baku, in the former Soviet Union.

Kalaya Udomvitid

Dr. Kalaya Udomvitid is a researcher in the Strategy Research and Industry Indicators Division, NECTEC, Thailand. Her research has focused on scientific and technological human resources in Thailand, R&D opportunities in emerging technologies, technology road mapping, and industrial study. Her current research interests include public policy and implementation, and R&D strategy development. Dr. Udomvitid obtained her PhD in Economics from the Colorado State University, USA.

Eunice Hsiao-hui Wang
Dr. Eunice Hsiao-hui Wang is an associate professor at the Department of Information & Communication of the Yuan Ze University in Taiwan. She has taught, researched, and published on ICT and economic development, ICT policy reforms and convergence, competitiveness analysis of Chinese Internet content in the Great China market, streaming media development in Taiwan, and the business value of e-commerce. Dr. Wang was also a core member of the Cable TV Premium Review Committee appointed by the Tao Yuan County government in Taiwan. She has a PhD in Communication and Information Sciences from the University of Hawaii at Manoa.

Sangay Wangchuk
Sangay Wangchuk is Vice President of Dukonnet, a call centre recently commissioned in Thimphu, Bhutan. Prior to joining Drukonnet, he was the Chief ICT Officer at the Department of Information Technology (DIT), Ministry of Information and Communications (MoIC), Bhutan. At DIT he was involved in the formulation of ICT policies such as the Bhutan ICT Policy and Strategy, ICT Human Resource Master Plan, Bhutan IT Park, and other programs for the Bhutanese ICT sector. Wangchuk has a Master’s in Information Technology from the University of the Commonwealth British Virgin Islands.

A. Ruvan Weerasinghe
With 20 years of teaching experience, Dr. A. Ruvan Weerasinghe has been dealing more recently with scaling up ICT education through the University of Colombo School of Computing’s (UCSC) e-BIT Programme, which won a Certificate of Commendation in the Education Planner and Administrator Category of the UNESCO ICT in Education Innovation Awards 2007-2008. Dr. Weerasinghe has served on various committees and boards at the University Grants Commission, Ministry of Education, and the Information and Communication Technology Agency of Sri Lanka for several years. He was also part of the original group involved in introducing the Internet and email connectivity to Sri Lanka through the Lanka Education and Research Network and the former Council for Information Technology. He is currently a member of the Software & ICT Cluster of the Treasury and the ICT Advisory Committee of the Export Development Board. He is also a founding member of the Lanka Software Foundation, a prime mover of FOSS in Sri Lanka. Dr. Weerasinghe’s research interests are in Human Language Technology, including Machine Translation, particularly techniques employing statistical methods and machine learning using corpora. He leads a group of researchers at the UCSC Language Technology Research Lab.

Yong Chee Tuan
Dr. Yong Chee Tuan, Bachelor of Engineering (Hons), PhD (Leeds), is currently the Director of the ICT Centre at Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD). He lectures on Management Information Systems, Business Research Methods, and Operations Management at the Bachelor in Business Administration and MBA programs of UBD. Dr. Yong is actively involved in the promotion and development of the ICT industry nationally and regionally. He has served as a member of the judging committee of the Asia Pacific ICT Award since 2001. He has also been appointed as a consultant/facilitator in the establishment of strategic plans/ICT roadmaps of several local government agencies and ministries. At present, he is the project manager of two major Ministry of Education e-education projects, namely, the e-Learning Systems and Knowledge Management Systems.

Zhang Guoliang
Zhang Guoliang is Professor and Dean of the School of Media and Design, Shanghai Jiaotong University, China. He was the first president of the Chinese Association of Communication and director of the Research Centre for Information & Communication of Fudan University, which is a national key base for communication studies in China. Prof. Zhang has headed over 40 national-level communication research projects, including the project on mass communication and national development. He is the author of many academic works and articles and he has been co-editor of Asian Journal of Communication since 2004. Prof. Zhang has a PhD in History from Fudan University, China and Tokyo University, Japan.